Reinforcement Role in Operant and Classical Conditioning

 Essay regarding Reinforcement Part in Operant and Traditional Conditioning


The Cyprus Commence of Marketing


Subject: Customer Behaviour

Lecturer: Avgi Avgousti

Program: ADBA

Words: 1912

Date due: 14. 12. 2012

Term of Student: Elena Kapona Andreou

College student Registration Amount: CYN/136/11

The idea of reinforcement is essential in the learning of client preferences. Explain why and discuss this kind of relation to the Classical and Operant Fitness Theories. Support your answer with good examples.

Table of content:

Page 1 - introduction

Web page 2 –about learning

Page 3 - classical health and fitness

Page 4-5 – samples of classical health and fitness

Page 6-7 – operant conditioning

Web page 8- about reinforcement and its particular role in classical and

operant health and fitness

Page 9 – realization

What will be discussed through this study is how important strengthening is around the process of customers' learning and preferences.

The essay opens with a definition of learning and it is discussed how customers learn behaviours either passive ( low involvement) because of associations, nor because happen to be motivated (high involvement) which lead to a particular behaviours.

Therefore, the three critical factors in learning (association, motivation and reinforcement) will be analyzed.

Next, the meaning of Time-honored and Operant Conditioning will be given and analyzed to underlines differences and to display why is crucial to know how specific behaviours may be achieved.

After will probably be demonstrate that even though reinforcement is needed to keep strong associations, the is designed of marketers is to enhance consumers with positive end result to lead these to brand devotion.

In conclusion will be underlined that the idea of reinforcement is important on the learning consumer personal preferences because a ongoing positive strong habit is extremely difficult to break.


Learning by simply Schiffman and Kanuk (2004) is identified " as the process through which individuals acquire the purchase and consumption knowledge and experience that they apply to future related behaviour” (p. 207). As they state, it is vital to underline few suggestions as: it is a process which includes as outcomes future behaviors as a reviews from newly acquired understanding or encounter.

Just how is explained by Hawkins et al. (2010), learning might occur in possibly high-involvement of a consumer inside the learning process because of motivation to do so, or low-involvement or perhaps non-conscious when the consumer offers little or no motivation at all in learning a behaviour. (p. 374)

Many advocates classified learning in two categories: behavioural learning and cognitive learning.

Solomon ou al. (2002) state that behavioural learning arises as a result of responses to external events opposite cognitive learning where the outcomes occurs due to mental processes. (p. 65-67)

This examine will concentrate in behavioural learning, all their classification, dissimilarities between Traditional and Operant conditioning, how the concept of reinforcement influence this behaviours and just how marketers build their firms depending in what are expecting from your consumers: low or excessive involvement.


Early time-honored conditioning theorists considered that organisms (both animal and human) could possibly be taught particular behaviours during repetition of some serves. (Schiffman and Kanuk, 2004)

Ivan Pavlov, an european physiologist, can be viewed the president of time-honored conditioning theory. Was the initial to explain fitness in his experiment with dogs. This individual demonstrated that a stimulus, referred to as...

References: Books:

• Evans, M., Jamal, A. and Foxall, G. (2006), Customer Behaviour. very first ed., Wiley

• Hawkins, I. Deb., Mothersbaugh, L. D. and Mookerjee, A. (2010), BUYER BEHAVIOUR-Building Online marketing strategy. 11th impotence., McGraw Slope

• Philip, J. P. and Olson, C. T. (2010), Customer Behaviour & Marketing Strategy. 9th ed., McGraw Hill

• Solomon, M., Bamossy, G. and Askegaard, S. (2002), Consumer Behaviour- A European Point of view. 2nd ed., Prentice Hall

• Schiffman, G. M. and Kanuk, L. L. (2004), Client Behaviour. 9th ed., Prentice Hall

Articles or blog posts:

• Luthans, F. and Stajkovic, M. A. (1999), Reinforce for performance: The need to go beyond pay and even advantages. Academy of Management Professional, Vol. 13, No . 2